Education in India has a rich history when it all began with the high-quality education imparted in the universities of Nalanda and Taxila. Though India still suffers from a massive illiteracy problem as a main cause of economic backwardness of several parts of the country, yet it can be said that India has definitely made a lot of progress when it comes of spreading of education among the masses.In the field of primary education in India, literacy rate has already expanded to two-thirds of the population. The improved education system of the country focuses on making education available to one and all. The establishment of University Grants Commission in 1953 has been a major step in developing the higher education system of the country.The present system of education in India has several distinct steps comprising primary education, secondary education, senior secondary education, and higher education. To cater to the education needs of this ever growing population of the country, Indian have reached an astounding figure of more than 17000 colleges, 20 central universities, 217 State Universities, 106 deemed Universities and 13 institutes of National importance.Even while reeling under the pressure of massive illiteracy, India still has surprised the world with the superior quality of education being imparted by some of its esteemed universities. Three Indian universities are counted widely recognized and have been listed as among the world’s 200 topmost universities: the Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian Institutes of Management, and Jawaharlal Nehru University.The All India Institute of Medical Sciences has earned its name and fame as a global leader in the field of medical research and treatment. There are a number of other institutes who have made us proud by being ranked by several world agencies as among the foremost in the field of education. These institutes have really made India proud.